CMS 65 V3 – Hypertension: Improvement in Blood Pressure

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Create DateDecember 15, 2015
Last UpdatedDecember 15, 2015

"High blood pressure is one of the most common risk factors for cardiovascular disease and stroke. Less than half of those with hypertension have their condition controlled. Uncontrolled and untreated hypertension was associated with increased risk of total and cardiovascular mortality among the general hypertensive population. Health-care system improvements, including use of electronic health records with registry and clinical decision support functions, could facilitate better treatment and follow-up management, and improve patient-physician interaction.

Epidemiological studies and randomized trials have repeatedly demonstrated that the relative risk of cardiovascular disease increases continuously with increasing levels of BP. The benefit of lowering a high blood pressure is to reduce the risk of developing a cardiovascular disease in the future. For example, it is estimated that reducing a high diastolic blood pressure by 6 mm Hg reduces your relative risk of having a stroke in the future by about 35-40%, and reduces your relative risk of developing heart disease by about 20-25%. Larger reductions in blood pressure provide greater benefits."