CMS 69 V2 – Preventive Care and Screening: Body Mass Index (BMI) Screening and Follow-Up
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|Create Date||December 15, 2015|
|Last Updated||December 15, 2015|
"Rationale BMI Above Upper Parameters
Obesity continues to be a costly public health concern in the United States. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC, 2010) reported that in 2009, no state met the Healthy People 2010 obesity target of 15 percent and the self reported overall prevalence of obesity among adults had increased 1.1 percentage points in 2007 to 26.7 percent. Flegal, Carroll, Kit & Ogden (2012) reported the prevalence of BMI-defined obesity in adults is high and continues to exceed 30% in most sex-age groups. In addition to the continued high prevalence rate for adults in general, there has been a significant increase for men and for non-Hispanic black and Mexican American women over the 12-year period from 1999 through 2010.Moyer (2012) reported: .Obesity is associated with such health problems as an increased risk for coronary artery disease, type 2 diabetes, various types of cancer, gallstones and disability. These comorbid medical conditions are associated with higher use of health care services and costs among obese patients (p. 373).
Obesity is also associated with an increased risk of death, particularly in adults younger than age 65 years and has been shown to reduce life expectancy by 6 to 20 years depending on age and race (LeBlanc et al., 2011).
Finkelstein, Trogdon, Cohen and Dietz (2009) found that in 2006, across all payers, per capita medical spending for the obese is $1,429 higher per year (42 percent) than for someone of normal weight. Using 2008 dollars, this was estimated to be equivalent to $147 billion dollars in medical care costs related to obesity.
In addition to a high prevalence rate of obesity, less than 50% of obese adults in 2010 received advice to exercise or perform physical activity (Barnes & Schoenborn, 2012).
BMI Below Normal Parameters
In the National Center of Health Statistics (NCHS) Health E-Stat, Fryer & Ogden (2012) reported that poor nutrition or underlying health conditions can result in underweight. Results from the 2007-2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), using measured heights and weights, indicate an estimated 1.7% of U.S. adults are underweight with women more likely to be underweight than men. (as c
Ranhoff, Gjoen & Mowe (2005) recommended using BMI < 23 for the elderly to identify positive results with malnutrition screens and poor nutritional status"